What does it take to get a job in Canada? It takes skills.
Workopolis has surveyed hundreds of employers and analyzed millions of job postings to determine what is in demand in the Canadian labour market – and what candidates need to demonstrate in resumes and job interviews in order to get the job.
Canadian employers told us they want to hire more staff but that they struggle to find candidates with the skills that they need. In the spring of 2015, we surveyed 256 Canadian employers about their hiring intentions and challenges.
One-third (32 per cent) told us that they plan to increase staff over the next 12 months. However 68 per cent said that it is very or somewhat difficult to find the people that they need to hire.
71 per cent of employers surveyed say a shortage of qualified candidates is having an impact on their ability to meet client needs. This is up by 5 per cent from a similar survey we conducted in 2012, where 66 per cent of senior executives said that a shortage of skilled workers was impacting their business.
What do Canadian employers say candidates are lacking?
- Experience – 38%
- Soft skills – 29%
- Technical skills – 23%
- Education – 4%
It’s not more education that candidates need in order to be hired. Although as we reported in Thinkopolis V: Education Nation, Canadians increasingly are adding more education to their resumes. But this isn’t what employers are looking for.
According to the employers we surveyed, it is on-the-job experience, interpersonal skills, and technical abilities that they want. And the soft skills outweigh the technical.
This is also borne out by what we’re seeing in job postings.
There are over three thousand different skills requested in the +- 60,000 job postings on Workopolis at any given time. Here’s a look at the most commonly sought after skills in Canada with the size of the word reflecting its popularity in job ads from 2014 through to the present.
The most sought after skills in Canadian job postings:
The top 10 most common are:
- Communication skills
- Customer relations
- Organizational skills
- Microsoft office
- Policy analysis
- Supervisory skills/leadership
- Problem solving
Communications is the clear stand out skill appearing in most job postings. It is a particularly key skill in many professions. For example:
- Over 60 per cent of Healthcare and Wellness jobs require good Communication Skills
- Almost half (47 per cent) of Technology & Digital Media jobs require good Communication Skills
- An equal number (47 per cent) of Sales & Business Development jobs request good Communication Skills
- 3 in 5 Marketing job ads ask for good Communication Skills
The employers surveyed by Workopolis also mentioned “a positive work ethic” as one of the attributes they found lacking in many applicants.
How to get experience without experience
Interestingly, many of those vital baseline skills: Communications, Customer relations, Teamwork, as well as the ability to develop and demonstrate a positive work ethic, can all be learned and applied starting with one’s very first job. In fact, these are the very skills and attributes prized and developed in the retail and hospitality industries where many young people find their first employment opportunities.
But how do you get these jobs without any experience? How can you get your foot in the door of your first job without real experience to demonstrate you have what it takes to do the work?
To find out, we spoke with Sharon Ramalho, Senior Vice President and Chief People Officer at McDonald’s Restaurants of Canada. Her company hires roughly 45,000 people every year. About 70 to 80 per cent of these are people are seeking their first or second job. Here’s what her company looks for in entry-level candidates.
“People who are really interested in working as part of a team,” says Ramalho. “They don’t necessarily have to be extroverts, but they have to be self-motivated. It helps if they want to learn, have a passion for food, and they want to help people have a nice experience in our restaurants.
But that’s what we hire for: motivation and a willingness to learn. Once hired, our staff have a detailed training program, and that’s where they can learn what we call the ‘Skills for Life:’ communications, teamwork, functioning in a fast-paced environment, and goal setting.”
Because communications is the single most sought after skill in Canadian job postings, and it can mean different things in different career paths or stages, we asked Sharon Ramalho how McDonald’s defines this skill:
“We teach people communication skills they don’t necessarily come in with: How to speak to their peer group, how to communicate with management, how to interact with customers. Staff learn everything from the basics of making proper eye contact to how to give praise or to provide feedback when necessary.
This is also what we look for in stand-out staff who rise through the ranks: communications, teamwork, and decision making as evidence of leadership ability. And 90 per cent of our restaurant management started out as crew.”
So to land that first job, one of Canada’s top employers for young people says that a candidate must have: motivation to work and a willingness to learn. And that entry-level job allows you to develop and demonstrate those core skills that are most sought after across industries: communications, teamwork, customer relations and a demonstrated work ethic. These are the building blocks of career success.
Communication skills in focus:
Tips for employers
Tips for candidates
Digital literacy is the new literacy
Keeping up with the trends and technologies of how people communicate and share information is also essential for career success. Once upon a time, reading and writing were considered the basic skills for most jobs. Digital literacy has become the new literacy.
Along with those soft skills we can see a high level of demand for digital literacy and computer skills. This is particularly true in the areas of document production, filing and sharing. Among the top skills sought after in job postings are the following collection:
- Microsoft Office, Excel, Word, PowerPoint
- Microsoft Works
- Computer use
Digital literacy is evolving to include more advanced computer skills as well, as among the hottest of the up-and-coming skill requirements appearing in job postings are coding and social media savvy.
Social media skills are becoming essential for an increasingly wide range of roles beyond community managers, including Human Resources, Sales, Designers and Developers, and of course Marketing.
Hot skills 2015
These are the skills that have been appearing with the greatest increased frequency through 2014 to the present. As you can see from the word cloud the fastest rising demand for skills tends to be in the technology, data analytics, and healthcare sectors.
The top ten skills for rising demand in 2015
- Social media platforms
- Big data
- Google Analytics
What does it take to get hired in 2015? Canadian employers want candidates with demonstrated work ethic plus communications, customer relations, and teamwork abilities who can use computers to create and share documents and spreadsheets, and who keep up with the latest technologies. Highlighting these in your resume and during job interviews can be the key to breaking into the job market.
Hot skills by sector
Both of the preceding word clouds highlighted the skills that are most often sought after or are the fastest rising in demand for all jobs – but not necessarily the precise job that you’re targeting. So we took a closer look at what employers are looking for in ten specific sectors – aside from the most in demand skills list.
For that list, please see the Appendix: The 10 most sought after skills in job postings specific to 10 popular sectors.
If you’re looking for a job in one of those fields in Canada, along with your demonstrated soft skills and digital literacy, highlight a subset of the relevant skillset below in your job application.
Opening the door to more opportunities?
Because the most sought-after skills such as communications and teamwork are most often gained through work experience, most employers want candidates with some experience even for entry-level jobs. Nearly half (45 per cent) of entry-level jobs ask for two or more years’ experience.
For those that don’t, motivation and a willingness to learn can be the keys to getting your foot in the door. In a Workopolis survey of employers, we asked the question, “If it comes down to two job candidates with equal skills and work experience, which of the following is the factor that will move you to hire one over the other?”
Nearly half of respondents (45 per cent) said they would choose the more enthusiastic candidate.
Use your motivation and willingness to learn to get your first job, and use those on-the-job experiences to gain the baseline skills that future employers want to see in your resume and to figure out in what it is you like to do. Then look into adding those skills that are particularly in demand in that sector.
These are the keys to a successful career.
One final note: while 68 per cent of employers surveyed said that it is very or somewhat difficult to find the people that they need to hire, it could just be that they aren’t willing to pay for the skills their seeking. One-third (30 per cent) said that they attribute the difficulty hiring to the fact that “candidates are unwilling to work for the salary offered.”
Skilled candidates are in demand and have options.
Appendix: The 10 most sought after skills in job postings specific to 10 popular sectors
Excluding those that are universally sought after across all job postings, these are the skills appearing most frequently in job postings for a range of sectors on Workopolis.
Financial statements / reporting
Arts / Media
Hospitality and food service
Acquire some of the most sought-after skills in your sector to greatly increase the number of jobs you qualify for. But remember that while these credentials are important, employers across the board will be looking for signs of soft skills— abilities that are more interpersonal than technical—for the stand-out candidates they need to hire.
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See all the latest insights from Workopolis at Workopolis.com/research